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H5 Confirmed Coots & Wigeons Ichkeul Natural Park Tunisia

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Immediate notification report Report reference: REF OIE 21749,

Report Date: 01/12/2016,

Country : Tunisia

Report Summary Name of sender of the report Dr Malek Zrelli Telephone +21671794586 Position Directeur Général Fax Address 30 rue Alain Savary 1002 Tunis Belvédère Tunis Email zrelli.malek@iresa.agrinet.tn

Date submitted to OIE 01/12/2016

Animal type Terrestrial

Date of report 01/12/2016

Disease Highly pathogenic avian influenza

Date of start of the event 24/11/2016

Causal Agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in wild birds

Date of confirmation of the event 30/11/2016

Serotype(s) H5

Diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)

Reason First occurrence of a listed disease in the country

Clinical signs Yes

Country or zone a zone or compartment Number of reported outbreaks submitted= 1, Draft= 0 Outbreak details Gouvernorat Number of outbreaks Délégation Imada Unit Type Location Latitude Longitude Start Date End Date:

BIZERTE- (this report - submitted) - Ghazala Natural park Ichkeul Natural Park

37.124365 9.615308 24/11/2016

Species Measuring units Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered Common Coot:Rallidae(Fulica atra) Animals ... 17 17 0 0

Eurasian Wigeon:Anatidae(Anas penelope)

Animals ... 13 13 0 0

Affected Population On November 24, 2016,

30 Eurasian wigeons (Anas Penelope) and common coots (Fulica atra) were found dead in Ichkeul Natural Park (wetland), in the framework of the strengthened surveillance in wetland areas (REPIOM network). On November 30, 2016, the laboratory of the Veterinary Research Institute in Tunis confirmed the presence of H5 virus in the samples taken on the animals. Outbreak summary:

Total outbreaks = 1 (Submitted)

Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered

Common Coot 17 17 0 0

Eurasian Wigeon 13 13 0 0

Epidemiology Epidemiological comments - Tunisia is located in the main migratory corridor for wild birds going to Africa from Europe during winter migration. Migration is ongoing and this viral strain must have been carried over by migrating birds. - According to the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code, article 10.4.1, provision 8, this outbreak does not modify the sanitary status of the country as affected birds are wild and thus are not included in the OIE definition of poultry. - A 3-km protection zone and a 10-km surveillance zone were implemented. There is no industrial poultry farm within the protection zone, and eight broiler farms within the surveillance zone. - Surveillance measures strengthened within the surveillance zone and the whole country. -

Access to Ichkeul Natural Park was suspended

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/temp/reports/en_imm_0000021749_20161201_191226.pdf

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Tunisia: Cases of bird flu diagnosed in migratory birds at the lake Ichkel

 
By: Di TAP

Cases of unusual deaths were recorded in some species of migratory birds in the Taref area (delegation Ghezala) in the governorate of Bizerte, at the intersection of Oued Sejnane and Lake Ichkel announced the Ministry of Agriculture, water and fisheries resources, in a statement released Thursday, adding that the analyzes led to diagnose bird flu disease in these birds.

The Ministry assured, in this context, that no case of infringement of this disease has been recorded at the level of family farming and industrial structures of chickens in different regions or in other wet areas.

The department announced in the same frame a number of provisions aimed at 

preventing the spread of the disease.

It was decided to close and quarantine Ichkel the park and enhance the continuous monitoring at the level of industrial structures and family breeding of chickens and at the level of wetlands.

Moreover, the ministry called the farmers to respect the rules of biosecurity in poultry houses, including the protection of poultry by preventing the introduction of migratory birds, strengthening livestock inputs control measures and non acquisition of birds of unknown origin.

The Ministry invites farmers to inform the veterinary services in regional delegations to agricultural development in any case of unusual deaths recorded.

http://directinfo.webmanagercenter.com/2016/12/01/tunisie-des-cas-de-grippe-aviaire-diagnostiques-chez-des-oiseaux-migrateurs-au-lac-ichkel/

 

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Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
Tunisia
 
Information received on 01/12/2016 from Dr Malek Zrelli, Directeur Général, Direction Générale des Services Vétérinaires, Ministère de l'Agriculture, Tunis, Tunisia
Summary
Report type Immediate notification
Date of start of the event 24/11/2016
Date of confirmation of the event 30/11/2016
Report date 01/12/2016
Date submitted to OIE 01/12/2016
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease in the country
Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in wild birds
Serotype H5
Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1 Ichkeul Natural Park, Ghazala, BIZERTE
Date of start of the outbreak 24/11/2016
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Natural park
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Common Coot:Fulica atra(Rallidae)   17 17 0 0
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae)   13 13 0 0
Affected population On November 24, 2016, 30 Eurasian wigeons (Anas Penelope) and common coots (Fulica atra) were found dead in Ichkeul Natural Park (wetland), in the framework of the strengthened surveillance in wetland areas (REPIOM network). On November 30, 2016, the laboratory of the Veterinary Research Institute in Tunis confirmed the presence of H5 virus in the samples taken on the animals.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
Common Coot:Fulica atra(Rallidae)   17 17 0 0
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae)   13 13 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Common Coot:Fulica atra(Rallidae) ** ** 100.00% **
Eurasian Wigeon:Anas penelope(Anatidae) ** ** 100.00% **
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
**Not calculated because of missing information
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Unknown or inconclusive
Epidemiological comments - Tunisia is located in the main migratory corridor for wild birds going to Africa from Europe during winter migration. Migration is ongoing and this viral strain must have been carried over by migrating birds. - According to the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code, article 10.4.1, provision 8, this outbreak does not modify the sanitary status of the country as affected birds are wild and thus are not included in the OIE definition of poultry. - A 3-km protection zone and a 10-km surveillance zone were implemented. There is no industrial poultry farm within the protection zone, and eight broiler farms within the surveillance zone. - Surveillance measures strengthened within the surveillance zone and the whole country. - Access to Ichkeul Natural Park was suspended.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Control of wildlife reservoirs
  • Vaccination prohibited
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Veterinary Research Institute in Tunis (National laboratory) Common Coot real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 30/11/2016 Positive
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
Map of outbreak locations
 

http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=21749

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